Sheet music

TURKEY : Turkey National Anthem
Turkish National Anthem
National Anthem of Turkey
Istiklâl Marsi

  • Author: Mehmet Akif Ersoy (1873-1936)
  • Composer: Ali Rifat Çağatay (1867-1935), adapted by Osman Zeki Üngör (1880-1958)
  • Adopted: 1921 (Words), 1932 (Music)
  • National Day: October 29 (1923) - Republic Day
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  • Further details: The Turkish National Anthem known as 'Istiklâl Marsi' ('Independence March'), was adopted by the National Assembly on March 12 1921. The text was written by MEHMET AKIF ERSOY (1873-1936). The music was composed by ZEKI ÜNGÖR (1880-1958). It is in G minor in keeping with the character of Oriental music. But otherwise there is little about it that is Oriental. It does suggest Spanish or South American tango tunes.