Sheet music

BRAZIL : Brazil National Anthem
Brazilian National Anthem
National Anthem of Brazil
Hino Nacional Brasileiro

  • Author: Joaquim Osório Duque Estrada (1870-1927)
  • Composer: Francisco Manoel da Silva (1795-1865)
  • Adopted: 1890 (Music), 1922 (Words)
  • National Day: September 07 (1822) - Independence Day
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  • Further details: The music was written by FRANCISCO MANOEL da SILVA (1795-1865), court composer to King Pedro II and founder of the National Conservatory and the Philharmonic Orchestra in Rio de Janeiro.

    The National Anthem has an introduction with dotted quavers whose somewhat pretentious elegance is directly suggestive of Rossini's 'Barber of Seville'. The first phrase, however, occurs in a very popular Hugarian Czardas. Except for some rather conventional passages, the Brazilian National Anthem is dignified and expressive of patriotic devotion. The text of the National Anthem alluded to the political events of the year 1831 and was soon felt to be somewhat inappropriate. In 1922, a new text was officially adopted, it is by JOAQUIM OSÓRIO DUQUE ESTRADA (1870-1927) and breathes a spirit of fervent patriotism free from allusions to transitory phases of the country's history.